St. Andrews Studies in Philosophy and Public Affairs

Founding and General Editor: John Haldane

This series originates in the Centre for Ethics, Philosophy and Public Affairs, University of St Andrews and is under the general editorship of centre director John Haldane. The series includes monographs, collections of essays and occasional anthologies of source material representing study in those areas of philosophy most relevant to topics of public importance, with the aim of advancing the contribution of philosophy in the discussion of these topics.

"The onset of the twenty-first century has seen increased interest in the theoretical foundations of socio-political thinking with a view to clarifying the bearing of philosophical principles upon issues of public interest. St. Andrews Studies in Philosophy and Public Affairs make a significant contribution to this important trend. They afford highly interesting, lucid and challenging studies of key issues of public concern, by a wide spectrum of writers, including some of the most interesting and influential thinkers of the day. This series is a must for academic libraries."

Nicholas Rescher, University of Pittsburgh, founding editor American Philosophical Quarterly, History of Philosophy Quarterly and Public Affairs Quarterly. further endorsements

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  • Volume I: Values, Education and the Human World, ed. John Haldane
  • Volume II: Philosophy and Its Public Role, ed. William Aiken and John Haldane
  • Volume III: Relativism and the Foundations of Liberalism, by Graham Long
  • Volume IV: Human Life, Action and Ethics, by G.E.M. Anscombe
  • Volume V: The Institution of Intellectual Values, by Gordon Graham
  • Volume VII: Life, Liberty & the Pursuit of Utility, by Anthony Kenny and Charles Kenny
  • Volume VIII: Distributing Healthcare: Principles, practice and politics, ed. Niall Maclean
  • Volume IX: Liberalism, Education and Schooling, by T.M. Mclaughlin
  • Volume X: The Landscape of Humanity, by Anthony O'Hear
  • Volume XI: Faith in a Hard Ground, by G.E.M. Anscombe
  • Volume XIII: Subjectivity and Being Somebody, ed. Grant Gillett

  • Volume I

    Values, Education and the Human World

    Edited by John Haldane

    250 pages £17.95/$29.90 1-84540-000-3 (pbk.) October 2004 Order this book
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    The essays in this book consist of revised versions of Victor Cook Memorial Lectures delivered in the universities of St. Andrews, London, Cambridge, Aberdeen, Oxford, Glasgow and Leeds.

  • "In this timely collection of essays, John Haldane brings together a range of eminent contributors. Originally presented as the Victor Cook Lectures, the texts comprise a coherent set of challenges to prevailing assumptions regarding values and education. The opening chapters frame the book in a forthright attack on the ‘empiricist orthodoxy’ that, with its disastrous effects on education, permeates the modern world. The chapters that follow take up the cause from one perspective or another, addressing questions of culture and excellence, politics and civil society, religion and pluralism, science and scientism, the aims of education and the nature of good teaching. The book brings these matters to the general educated reader in a lively, clear, and thought-provoking way." Paul Standish, Professor of Educational Studies, University of Sheffield
  • "A multidisciplinary offering of a particular camp with passionately argued cases which should appeal to many with general interests in education, values and moral philosophy."  Robert Bowie, New Blackfriars
  • "... the collection is well organised, reasonably focused and highly engaging. Without exception, the essays are well written and thought-provoking ... [the contributors have] managed very effectively the task of being both scholarly and accessible [and] have admirably fulfilled their brief to appeal to the general educated public." Journal of the Philosophy of Education.
  • "... a timely and valuable contribution to the ongoing debate about education, values and culture." David Lorimer, Network Review
  • Contents
    Notes on the Contributors
    Introduction by John Haldane
    I. Values and Values Education
    1. The Nature of Values by John Haldane
    2. Problems of Values Education by David Carr

    II. Education, Values and Culture
    3. A Cultural Crisis: The Devaluation of Values by Anthony Quinton
    4. A Revaluation of Values by Anthony Quinton
    5. Education, Value and the Sense of Awe by Anthony O’Hear
    6. The Pursuit of Excellence by Anthony O’Hear

    III. Education, Values and the State
    7. The Aim of Education by Richard Pring
    8. The Context of Education by Richard Pring
    9. Meeting Educational Needs by Mary Warnock
    10. Good Teaching by Mary Warnock

    IV. Education, Values and Religion
    11. Political Society, Civil Society by Jonathan Sacks
    12. Languages of Morals by Jonathan Sacks
    13. Values, Religion and Education by Stewart Sutherland
    14. Diagnosis; Prognosis? Cure? by Stewart Sutherland

    V. Education, Values and Science
    15. Science and Poetry by Mary Midgley
    16. Atoms, Memes and Individuals by Mary Midgley
    17. The Threat of Scientism by Bryan Appleyard
    18. The New Marx by Bryan Appleyard

    "This volume does what any good monograph should do: it lures the reader into the debate and convinces him or her of the immediate importance of the questions being asked.  It makes him or her wish to participate in person." David Rose, Philosophical Quarterly Order this book

    Volume II

    Philosophy and Its Public Role

    Essays in Ethics, Politics, Society and Culture
    Edited by William Aiken and John Haldane

    250 pages £17.95/$29.90 1-84540-003-8 (pbk.) October 2004

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    This brings together moral, social and political philosophers from Britain, Canada, New Zealand and the United States who explore a wide range of issues under the three headings of Philosophy, Society and Culture; Ethics, Economics and Justice; and Rights, Law and Punishment. The topics discussed range from the public responsibility of intellectuals to the justice of military tribunals, and from posthumous reproduction to the death penalty.

  • "The attentive reader of the present volume can learn how to sharpen his arguments about the contemporary problems debated - especially where the wisdom of Aristotle is invoked in a more contemporary context" New Blackfriars.
  • "All the contributions to the volume are of high quality, and justify the claim that philosophy has, or can have, an important role in influencing public affairs". Heythrop Journal.
  • "This book should attract two kinds of readers, people interested in seeing philosophy find and deal with real issues in society and public policy, and people who have an interest in the role philosophy plays in the criminal justice system" Journal of Value Inquiry.

    Notes on the Contributors
    Introduction by William Aiken and John Haldane
    I. Philosophy, Society and Culture
    1. American Philosophy and its Public Role by John Haldane
    2. Do Intellectuals have a Special Public Responsibility? by Bob Brecher
    3. Impartial Public Reason and its Critics by John Arthur
    4. Human Nature, Society and Education  by David Carr
    5. Philosophy, Values and Schooling by Terence McLaughlin
    6. Is Cultural Membership a Good? by Wendy Donner
    II.  Ethics, Economics and Justice
    7. Consent, Dissent and Posthumous Reproduction by Andrew Moore
    8. Three Ways to Value Equality by Geoffrey Cupit
    9. Mitigating our Consumption of our Living Standard by Bart Gruzalski
    10. Globalisation, Technology and the New Economy by James Child
    11. Statistical and Identifiable Deaths by Richard Brook
    III.  Justice, Law and Punishment
    12. Human Rights: Constitutional and International by Rex Martin
    13. Military Tribunals: Procedural Justice and Evidence by Lisa Portmess
    14. A Deterrence Theory of Punishment  by Anthony Ellis
    15. Retributivism and Public Norms by Jonathan Jacobs
    16. Capital Punishment and Societal Self-Defence by Daniel Farrell

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    Volume III

    Relativism and the Foundations of Liberalism

    Graham Long

    October 2004, 250 pages, £30/$59 1-84540-004-6 (cloth)

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    “In this ambitious and challenging work, Graham Long defends a form of metaethical relativism as a plausible account of moral justification, and as not only compatible with contemporary liberalism, but underpinning it. These controversial claims are defended with considerable ingenuity and rigour, and woven into an original argument that should force those inclined to dismiss any relativism as obviously confused and implausible to think again. Accessibly written and informed by the latest scholarship in political theory and moral philosophy, Relativism and the Foundations of Liberalism is an important contribution to current debates about the basis of political liberalism, and of moral justification more generally.”
    John Horton, Keele University
    "Relativism and the Foundations of Liberalism is a nuanced analysis of a key topic in contemporary political theory which challenges the conventional wisdom about relativism and about liberalism. Many political theorists reject relativism.  In his book, Long argues that the objections to relativism can be met or accommodated and that a universalist position is unsustainable.  Furthermore, he challenges conventional views about the foundations of liberalism, arguing that, contrary to the views of many liberals, relativism can form part of a persuasive justification of liberal principles.  This is a meticulously argued and closely reasoned work on an issue of fundamental importance." 
    Simon Caney, University of Birmingham
    Table of Contents
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    Moral relativism is often regarded as both fatally flawed and incompatible with liberalism. This book aims to show why such criticism is misconceived. First, it argues that relativism provides a plausible account of moral justification. Drawing on the contemporary relativist and universalist analyses of thinkers such as Harman, Nagel and Habermas, it develops an alternative account of ‘coherence relativism’. Turning to liberalism, the book argues that moral relativism is not only consistent with the claims of contemporary liberalism, but underpins those claims. The political liberalism of Rawls and Barry is founded on an unacknowledged commitment to a relativist account of justification. In combining these two elements, the book offers a new understanding of relativism, and demonstrates its relevance for contemporary liberal thought.

    The thesis on which this monograph is based won the 2003 Sir Ernest Barker prize from the Political Studies Association.

  • "Long offers us a carefully crafted defense of metaethical relativism that is both meticulous and broad-ranging in its engagement with contemporary meta-ethical debates."  David Thunder, Review of Politics.
  • "Through his taste for rigorous arguments, his seriousness of purpose, and his knowledge of the literature . . . he has succeeded in producing a book that is both thoughtful and thought-provoking."  Nasser Behnegar, Perspectives on Politics
  • "Long's case is a very persuasive one indeed . . . much to be recommended." Gerard Hughes, New Blackfriars
  • "Long develops his arguments in an intelligent, detailed and thoughful manner."  Richard North, Res Publica
  • "What Graham Long does in this book is to point out a meta-ethical relativism that provides a plausible account of mental justification, namely 'coherence relativism'. " Wim Vandekerckhove, Ethical Perspectives
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    Volume IV

    Human Life, Action and Ethics

    Essays by G.E.M. Anscombe
    Edited by Mary Geach and Luke Gormally

    300 pages £35.00/$69.90 1-84540-013-5 (cloth) April 2005
    £17.95/$34.90 1-84540-061-5 (pbk.) April 2006

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    This is the first collection of essays by the celebrated philosopher Elizabeth Anscombe since the publication of three volumes of her papers in 1981. This new collection includes a) articles published subsequent to those volumes and not hitherto gathered, b) previously unpublished papers on human nature and practical philosophy, together with c) the classic essay "Modern Moral Philosophy", and a few otherwise difficult to obtain early pieces such as her Listener article "Does Oxford Moral Philosophy Corrupt the Youth?". The appearance of this volume is a major publishing event. 
    Contents, Preface and Introduction

  • 'A collection of splendid essays, all of which repay repeated reading and which should also have pride of place on the bookshelves of all self-respecting contemporary philosophers.' David Carr, review in Philosophical Books
  • 'One of the most distinguished professional philosophers of her generation.' Michael Dummett, review in The Tablet
  • 'Superb collection of Anscombe's writings.' Robert George, review in First Things
  • 'Demonstrates a refreshing willingness to go to the heart of the philosophical issues underlying some of the most hotly disputed moral questions of our time.' Samuel Gregg, J. Markets & Morality.
  • 'The most brilliant of Wittgenstein's students . . . an original and formidable philosopher.' Simon Blackburn, review in Times Literary Supplement
  • "Her work witnesses of a great intellectual honesty in dealing with moral problems. The language is sometimes quite technical, but her arguments are exceptionally clear." Tomas Folens, Ethical Perspectives
  • ‘The essays reprinted here show the extraordinary originality and great interest of Anscombe’s work in action theory and moral philosophy. Philippa Foot
  • ‘The editors and the publishers have done philosophy a great service.’ Alasdair MacIntyre
  • ‘In the latter half of the twentieth century Anscombe could hold her own with any philosopher in the world.’ Anthony Kenny
  • ‘Elizabeth Ancsombe thought deeply, wrote beautifully, and was never taken in by pretence.’ Roger Scruton
  • 'Truly one of the great philosophers of the twentieth century.’ Hilary Putnam
  • "The undoubted giant among women philosophers, a writer of immense breadth, authority and penetration ... a truly original philosopher." Mary Warnock, University of Cambridge.
  • "Philosophy as she does it is fresh; her arguments take unexpected turns and make unexpected connections, and show always how much there is that had not been seen before". Cora Diamond, University of Virginia.
  • "Anscombe's fusion of the Aristotelian and analytical traditions is one of the highest peaks of 20th century philosophy; it has lost none of its power to destroy philosophical complacency and excite new philosophical thought." Michael Thompson, University of Pittsburgh.
  • "However well-versed anyone might be in the literature of ethics, no one can possibly fail to learn a great deal, both as regards moral philosophy as well as about what the moral life involves, from this hugely rich, profound and absorbing collection of articles and lectures by Anscombe. ... It should be compulsory reading for all students of applied ethics." David Conway, Philosophy

  • Volume V

    The Institution of Intellectual Values

    Realism and Idealism in Higher Education

    Gordon Graham

    290 pages £25/$49.90 1-84540-002-X (cloth) April 2005
    £14.95/$29.90 9781845401009 (paperback) May 2007

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    This is a revised and expanded version of the much praised short book Universities: The Recovery of An Idea. It contains chapters on the history of universities; the value of university education; the nature of research; the management and funding of universities plus additional essays on such subjects as human nature and the study of the humanities, interdisciplinary versus multidisciplinary study, information systems and the concept of a library, the prospects for e-learning, reforming universities, intellectual integrity and the realities of funding, and spiritual values and the knowledge economy.
    Contents and Introduction

  • 'Those who care about universities should thank Gordon Graham for doing what has needed doing so urgently'. Philosophy
  • ‘Graham has written an elegant and extraordinarily refreshing book, with no fudging of his own opinions and judgements ... It deserves a very wide readership and will surely stand as a point of reference for years to come.’ Gordon Johnson, Times Higher Education Supplement
  • 'A short reflective treatise on British university education that deserves to be widely read . . . its appeal is universal and deserves the attention of a wide audience.'  Political Studies Review
  • 'Though densely and cogently argued, this book is extremely readable and indeed deserves to be widely read'. Philosophical Quarterly.
  • "The best descussion I know of on this question [What are universities for]." Alison Wolf, T.HE.S.
  • "This volume ought to be compulsory reading for every government minister or civil servant with responsibilities in this area."  Margaret Atkins, New Blackfriars

  • Volume VII

    Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Utility

    Happiness in philosophical and economic thought

    Anthony Kenny, Charles Kenny

    275 pages £17.95/$39.90 1-84540-052-6 (pbk.) December 2006
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    A volume on the nature, ingredients, causes and consequences of human happiness by the father and son team of Anthony and Charles Kenny. The book is an updating of Johnson’s famous lines:

    How small of all that human hearts endure
    That part which laws or kings can cause or cure! 
    Still to ourselves in every place consigned
    Our own felicity we make or find.
    Contents: Introduction; The Supreme Good; Aristotelian Happiness; Utilitarian Happiness; Material Welfare; Subjective Wellbeing; Conclusion: The Good Life; Public Policy, Personal Responsibility and the Good Life. 

    Charles Kenny is an economist and policy adviser at the World Bank. Sir Anthony Kenny was formerly Master of Balliol College, Oxford, and is currently president of the British Academy. His many books include Medieval Philosophy, A Brief History of Western Philosophy, The Oxford Illustrated History of Western Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy and Wittgenstein.

  • "This is very much a worthwhile book. It usefully synthesizes literatures and arguments from philosophy and economics, and shows how they bear on moral and political deliberations about happiness." Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
  • "We now have a new study of an altogether superior kind by a father and son team of philosopher and economist. ... To make progress the authors break up happiness into three components: welfare, contentment and dignity. ... The most striking of the Kenny findings is how little welfare has to do with income either absolute or relative." Financial Times.
  • "A unique and valuable book on the meaning of happiness that, while interdisciplinary, preserves the strengths of the distinct disciplinary approaches it includes. ... The Kennys have done an admirable job of writing a plausible, well-argued, and accessible volume that should be of benefit to both academic and non-academic audiences". Journal of Law, Philosophy and Culture.

  • Volume VIII

    Distributing Healthcare:
    Principles, Practices and Politics

    edited by Niall Maclean

    250 pages £17.95/$34.90 1-84540-051-8 (pbk) December 2007 Order this book

    How ought a society to distribute its publicly funded healthcare resources? Few questions are in more urgent need of an answer. This multidisciplinary investigation brings together the insights of philosophy, clinical science, health economics, operational research and public policy analysis.


    Paul Carrick: The Public Funding of Health Care
    Niall Maclean: Philosophical  Approaches to The Problem of  Health Care Distribution
    Howard Glennerster: UK System of Health Funding and Resource Allocation: What Ethical Foundations?
    John Appleby & Anthony Harrison: Better Ways to Allocate Health Resources in the UK?
    Leonard Fleck: Just Caring: The Ethical Challenges of Health Care Reform in the USA
    Margaret M. and C.A.J. (Tony) Coady, The Ethics of Access to Health Care in Australia
    Susan Cleary, Di McIntyre, Okore Okorafor & Michael Thiede:  Equity & the Ethics of the South African
                                                                                                       Health System 

    Volume IX

    Liberalism, Education and Schooling:
    Essays by T.H. Mclaughlin

    edited by David Carr, Mark Halstead and Richard Pring

    April 2008, St. Andrews Studies IX, 250 pp.
    £17.95 / $34.90, 978-1845401139 (pbk.); £40 / $80, 978-1845401443 (cloth)
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    Terry McLaughlin’s sudden death in 2006 deprived the academic world of a leading British philosopher of education, and the author himself of the opportunity to publish a planned synthesis of his work. This volume brings together a collection of his essays from a variety of leading journals. They have been selected by former colleagues well-acquainted with his thinking to celebrate his work and make it available in a convenient and accessible form.

    T.H. McLaughlin was a fellow of St Edmund’s, Cambridge and professor at the Institute of Education, University of London.

    'Terry McLaughlin managed to bring clarity into complex issues of educational concern without losing the subtlety of the argument. He was one of the best exponents of the analytic tradition in philosophy of education, in part because his analysis was always informed by a depth of both scholarship and personal understanding. His many admirers across the world will be delighted to see so much of his central work brought together for the first time in this collection.'
    David Bridges, St Edmunds College, University of Cambridge, Professorial Fellow and former Pro-Vice-Chancellor, University of East Anglia.

    'McLaughlin’s scholarship was devoted to exploring how traditional religious upbringing might be reconciled with philosophical liberalism. His achievement in this regard was exemplary. The care and subtlety he consistently exhibited in argument on matters of the highest educational and social importance always commanded the respect and admiration of his peers. This splendid book is a testament to his achievement.'
    Eamonn Callan, Pigott Family Professor, School of Education, Stanford University.

    'McLaughlin seeks to get to grips with the fundamental issues behind certain vitally important contemporary controversies in educational policy and practice. . . . these papers exemplify the clarity and power of contemporary analytical philosophy of education at its best. They exemplify too the expository power that made their author one of the most respected and valued contributors to work in this field. They deserve to be widely read and digested by both professionals working in education and by concerned members of the wider public.'
    Paul Hirst, Emeritus Professor of Education, University of Cambridge.

    'Terry McLaughlin’s work takes on some of the most difficult issues facing advocates of ‘liberal’ philosophy of education. It consistently displays philosophical sophistication, care and subtlety. McLaughlin’s humane values and the deep respect with which he treats philosophical interlocutors, allies and opponents alike, always shine through. This important collection of his essays will be valued by all those concerned with the state of contemporary education.'
    Harvey Siegel, Professor of Philosophy, University of Miami, past President, Philosophy of Education Society, and Association for the Philosophy of Education.

    'McLaughlin’s tireless pursuit of pressing questions at the heart of educational policy and practice is displayed in a series of finely crafted, painstaking and searching analyses. In terms of clarity and rigour, these are models of their kind. But what comes through also is the vision of the good life that informed his work as a whole. The collection presents a remarkable insight into the achievement of a leading figure in the field, and it will be a landmark in philosophy of education for years to come.'
    Paul Standish, Professor of Philosophy of Education, Institute of Education, University of London, Editor of Journal of Philosophy of Education.


    Volume X

    The Landscape of Humanity:
    Art, Culture and Society

    Anthony O’Hear

    April 2008, St. Andrews Studies X, 250 pp.
    £17.95 / $34.90, 978-1845401122 (pbk.); £40 / $80, 978-1845401450 (cloth)
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    The fourteen essays in this book develop a conception of human culture, which is humane and traditionalist. Focusing particularly on notions of beauty and the aesthetic, it sees within our culture intimations of the transcendent, and in two essays the nature of religion is directly addressed. A number of essays also explore the relation between politics and tradition. 

    Anthony O’Hear is Weston Professor of Philosophy and Head of Department of Education at the University of Buckingham. He is also Director of the Royal Institute of Philosophy and editor of the journal Philosophy. His many books include Plato’s Children (2005) and Philosophy in the New Century (2001). 


    Volume XI

    Faith in a Hard Ground:
    Essays on Religion, Philosophy and Ethics

    G.E.M. Anscombe (ed. Mary Geach & Luke Gormally)

    August 2008, St. Andrews Studies XI, 250 pp.
    £17.95 / $34.90, 978-1845401214 (pbk.); £40 / $80, 978-1845401436 (cloth)
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    Elizabeth Anscombe’s forthright philosophy speaks directly to many religious and ethical issues of current concern.This collection of her essays forms a companion volume to the critically acclaimed Human Life, Action and Ethics, published in 2005.

  • ‘Elizabeth Anscombe thought deeply, wrote beautifully, and was never taken in by pretence.’ Roger Scruton
  • ‘Truly one of the great philosophers of the twentieth century.’ Hilary Putnam
  • ‘A writer of immense breadth, authority and penetration.’ Mary Warnock




    Volume XII

    Subjectivity and Being Somebody

    Grant Gillett

    August 2008, St. Andrews Studies XII, 250 pp.
    £17.95 / $34.90, 978-1845401160 (pbk.); £40 / $80, 978-1845401467 (cloth) Order this book

    This book uses a neo-Aristotelian framework to examine human subjectivity as an embodied being. It examines the varieties of reductionism that affect philosophical writing about human origins and identity, and explores the nature of rational subjectivity as emergent from our neurobiological constitution. This allows a consideration of the effect of neurological interventions such as psychosurgery, neuroimplantation, and the promise of cyborgs on the image of the human. It then examines multiple personality disorder and its implications for narrative theories of the self, and explores the idea of human spirituality as an essential aspect of embodied human subjectivity. A final ‘applied’ discussion considers the interaction between our theories of human identity and the societies we fashion.

    Grant Gillett studied medicine and psychology at Auckland and then specialised in neurosurgery. He completed a doctorate in philosophy and held a fellowship at Oxford before coming to the University of Otago. He is a neurosurgeon and Professor of Medical Ethics as well as a member of the philosophy department. His interests are broad, including the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of medicine and medical ethics. He has a particular interest in the philosophies of Kant and Wittgenstein. His books include Bioethics in the Clinic: Hippocratic Reflections, Representation, Meaning and Thought (with. W K M Fulford and J Martin-Soskice), The Discursive Mind (with R. Harré), Medical Ethics (with AV Campbell, M.Charlesworth, DG Jones) and The Mind and its Discontents. He is the editor of Medicine and Moral Reasoning.

    Endorsements for St. Andrews Studies in Philosophy and Public Affairs

    "St. Andrews Studies in Philosophy and Public Affairs is an important new series that will advance the academic and public discussions of major social issues and policies. The first two volumes feature significant thinkers addressing critical topics. Proposed future volumes promise to be equally strong. I expect the series will become required reading for philosophers, political scientists, economists, and lawyers interested in ethically defensible public policies." Hugh LaFollette, Cole Professor in Ethics, University of South Florida. Editor, Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics, and Blackwell Guide to Ethical Theory.

    "The Centre for Ethics, Philosophy and Public Affairs at the University of St Andrews is a distinguished and influential research institute dedicated to research in moral philosophy and public policy.  Its latest initiative, St. Andrews Studies in Philosophy and Public Affairs, offers original, illuminating, and engaging treatments of important social and political issues. These works are indispensable resources for scholars, students, and practitioners in all disciplines concerned with the ethical dimensions of public policy." Fred Miller Jr, Executive Director, Social Philosophy and Policy Center, Bowling Green, OH. Associate Editor, Social Philosophy and Policy.

    "The onset of the twenty-first century has seen increased interest in the theoretical foundations of socio-political thinking with a view to clarifying the bearing of philosophical principles upon issues of public interest. St. Andrews Studies in Philosophy and Public Affairs make a significant contribution to this important trend. They afford highly interesting, lucid and challenging studies of key issues of public concern, by a wide spectrum of writers, including some of the most interesting and influential thinkers of the day. This series is a must for academic libraries." Nicholas Rescher, University Professor of Philosophy, University of Pittsburgh. Founding Editor American Philosophical Quarterly, History of Philosophy Quarterly, Public Affairs Quarterly.

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